Volume 1, Issue 2, May 2017, Page: 47-51
Diagnosis Approach and Management of Rhombencephalitis: Literature Review
Ibrahima Mariam Diallo, Department of Neurology, Fann National Teaching Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
Soumaila Boubacar, Department of Neurology, Fann National Teaching Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
Mohamed Lelouma Mansaré, Department of Neurology, Fann National Teaching Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
Ousmane Cissé, Department of Neurology, Fann National Teaching Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
Japhari Nyassindé, Department of Neurology, Fann National Teaching Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
Marie Emilie Yandé Ndong, Department of Neurology, Fann National Teaching Hospital, Dakar, Senegal; Department of Preventive Medecine and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Odontostomatology, University of Cheikh Anta Diop, Dakar, Senegal
Mame Maïmouna Diaw Santos, Department of Neurology, Fann National Teaching Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
Abou Gueye, Department of Neurology, Fann National Teaching Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
Anna Modji Basse, Department of Neurology, Fann National Teaching Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
Adjaratou Dieynabou Sow, Department of Neurology, Fann National Teaching Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
Marième Soda Diop, Department of Neurology, Fann National Teaching Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
Lala Bouna Seck, Department of Neurology, Fann National Teaching Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
Kamador Touré, Department of Neurology, Fann National Teaching Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
Moustapha Ndiaye, Department of Neurology, Fann National Teaching Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
Amadou Gallo Diop, Department of Neurology, Fann National Teaching Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
Mouhamadou Mansour Ndiaye, Department of Neurology, Fann National Teaching Hospital, Dakar, Senegal
Received: Feb. 7, 2017;       Accepted: Mar. 30, 2017;       Published: May 18, 2017
DOI: 10.11648/j.cnn.20170102.15      View  1558      Downloads  88
Abstract
Rhombencephalitis refers to inflammatory diseases of the rhombencephalon. We present here a literature review of this pathology. It was originally described by Edwin Bickerstaff and Philip Cloake in 1951. The terms Rhombencephalitis and trunk encephalitis are interchangeable. It is a rare disease but potentially serious. The symptomatology is characterized, in some cases, by fever and alteration of consciousness, but also headache, nausea and vomiting sometimes. An involvement of the cranial nerves in the majority of the cases and or affected of the long ways. Paraclinically, cerebrospinal fluid and cerebral imaging can be normal in paraneoplastic causes or, on the other hand, be pathological in infectio-inflammatory causes. The etiologies are mainly distinguished in infectious, autoimmune and paraneoplastic pathologies. Treatment should be etiological by anti-infectives (antibiotics, antivirals, etc.) targeting curable germs such as listeria, mycobacterium tuberculosis or herpes, and/or symptomatic by corticosteroid or immunoglobulin IV. Rhombencephalitis is a rare nosological entity but is subject to severe neurological sequelae with a high mortality rate.
Keywords
Rhombencephalitis, Etiologies, Diagnosis, Management
To cite this article
Ibrahima Mariam Diallo, Soumaila Boubacar, Mohamed Lelouma Mansaré, Ousmane Cissé, Japhari Nyassindé, Marie Emilie Yandé Ndong, Mame Maïmouna Diaw Santos, Abou Gueye, Anna Modji Basse, Adjaratou Dieynabou Sow, Marième Soda Diop, Lala Bouna Seck, Kamador Touré, Moustapha Ndiaye, Amadou Gallo Diop, Mouhamadou Mansour Ndiaye, Diagnosis Approach and Management of Rhombencephalitis: Literature Review, Clinical Neurology and Neuroscience. Vol. 1, No. 2, 2017, pp. 47-51. doi: 10.11648/j.cnn.20170102.15
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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